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Tagging Utility Program: putting etymological tags on a text

“The Dictionary of English Etymology for Analyzing Expressions” (hereinafter referred to as DEE ) contains the origin and borrowing process of approximately 20,000 English words and will be expected to expand to 25,000 (currently under compilation).

The DEE has been developed together with a tagging utility program. The tagging program allows users to tag each word of the target text at etymological labels(OE, ME, F, L, G, etc), by consulting the DEE database. One objective of the DEE is that it enables scholars to automatically analyze English expressions with the view that the etymology of each word in a text is one of the essential elements determining the behavior of the expression. Setting up etymology as one attribute of any word, researchers will be able to create the possibilities of developing semantic and rhetorical analysis.

Hemingway “The End of Something” Tagged

In the old(OE) days(OE) Hortons bay(OF) was a lumbering(ME) town(OE). No one(OE) who(OE) lived(OE) in it was out of sound(OE-ON) of the big(ME-ON) saws(OE) in the mill(OE) by the lake(OF). Then(OE) one(OE) year(OE) there(OE) were no more(OE) logs(ON?) to make(OE) lumber(ME). The lumber(OE) schooners(American) came(OE) into the bay(OF) and were loaded(OE) with the cut(OE) of the mill(OE) that stood(OE) stacked(ON) in the yard(OE). All(OE) the piles(OE) of lumber(OE) were carried(NF) away(OE). The big(ME) mill(OE) building(OE) had(OE) all(OE) it machinery(F) that was removable(OF+of) taken(OE) out and hoisted(MDu) on hoard(OE) one(OE) of the schooners(American) by the men(OE) who(OE) had(OE) worked(OE) in the mill(OE). The schooner(American) moved(AN) out of the bay(OF) toward the open(OE) lake(OF) carrying(NF) the two(OE) great(OE) saws(OE), the travelling(OF) carriage(F) that hurled(lowG) the logs(ON?) against the revolving(OF), circular(AF) saws(OE) ……


The Historical Process of Innovation of Text Styles in Ancient Greece

Inheritance of analogia inventio and Principle of linguistic expression

Analogia was originally proposed by Aristotle. It is not speculation based on similarity but discovery of the essential equality between the hetero-logos. The analogia suggests the scientific methodology for finding out proportional regularity between the hetero-logos.

The Historical Process of Innovation of Text Styles in Ancient Greece

This paper remarks on the historical process of innovation of text styles and stereotype sentences in ancient Greece, based on literature documentation. Text is a complete language event, namely autonomy. It has arche(beginning), medē(middle) and telos(end), and this configuration means text totality. Text style has three moments of configuration, development and stereotype sentence. The illustration in ancient Greece is shown on Homer’s epic poems, Iliad and Odyssey, both of which have prologue, narrative and epilogue. These epic poems have a lot of stereotype phrases and are composed of hexameter verses. The prosody-driven verse, which is the expression of ethnic pathos or passion, is given priority over semantic and syntax.

The Historical Process of Innovation of Text Styles in Ancient Greece

The development of Greek Prose in Ionia and Attica

This paper remarks on the historical process of innovation of the prose style in ancient Greece, based on literature documentation. Ionic prose is characterized by simplicity, parataxis, and connectives. The Corpus Hippocrates shows us Ionian prose style and the text composed of introduction, discussion, and concluding remarks, which has brought the literary fundamentals to the later scientific writers in the later centuries. Attic prose is characterized by complexity, hypotaxis, and abstract nouns. The History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides is the representative Attic prose in the later of the fifth century B.C. and the historian has the skills for writing complex prose featured in participle construction and connecting particles.

The Historical Process of Innovation of Text Styles in Ancient Greece

Sophist Oratory

This paper remarks on the historical process of innovation of Attic prose in ancient Greece, particularly in sophist oratory of Athena. The oratory in her court has four-part structure: introduction, recital, argument, and conclusion. Each part consists of rhetorical sentences The eloquence is a key aspect of Attic prose and characterized by participle clauses called colon. The clauses make an antithesis of rhetorical words and phrases. The speech of Orator Lysias integrates the features such as conciseness, descriptiveness and simplicity into relatively short sentences. The speech of Rhetorician Isocrates, however, is characterized by his eloquence, complex of matrix and subordinate clauses, and thus long sentences called περίοδος. Greek orators had devised three types of orator corresponding to topos such as legal orator, speeches in demos assembly or ceremony.






 2017年8月31日 木曜  13:00~

プログラム 8月31日 木曜
科研「高度翻訳知識に基づく高品質言語サービス」経過報告 佐良木昌 明大/ALR
山岡洋一翻訳訳語辞典の概略と今後      武舎広幸 マーリンアームズ

14:30  休憩

英語における因果表現の諸相 after-clauseを中心に 宮澤おりえ ケント大学 佐良木昌 ALR

15:25 休憩

翻訳という表現創作の技法 岩垣守彦 ALR
英語の認知構造に基づいてソフトウェア工学の「クラス図」を理解する     金田重郎 同志社大

17:40 終了

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